The Law applies to any type of file or device that is downloaded by your terminal equipment to store data that can be updated and retrieved by the entity responsible for its installation. A cookie is one of those general purpose files that we will generically call cookies.
Cookies are small text files sent to a browser from a web server to record user activity on a website, so that this information can be retrieved later while browsing different connected pages. to the server that installed them.
Cookies generally store technical information, personal preferences, content personalization, usage statistics, links to social networks, access to user accounts, etc.
types of cookies
Then, a classification of cookies is made based on a series of categories. However, it is necessary to bear in mind that the same cookie can be included in more than one category.
According to the entity that manages them
Own cookies: those sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain managed by the publisher itself and from which the service requested by the user is provided.
Third-party cookies: those sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain that is not managed by the editor, but by another entity that processes the data obtained through cookies.
If cookies are installed from a computer or domain managed by the publisher itself, but the information collected by them is managed by third parties, they will not be considered first-party cookies.
Depending on how long they remain activated
According to the period of time they remain activated in the terminal equipment, we can distinguish:
Session cookies: these are types of cookies designed to collect and store data while the user accesses a web page. They are generally used to store information that is only of interest to provide the service requested by the user on a single occasion (for example, a list of purchased products).
Persistent cookies: are a type of cookie in which the data is still stored in the terminal and can be accessed and processed for a period defined by the person responsible for the cookie and which can vary from a few minutes to several years.
according to the purpose
Depending on the purpose for which the data obtained through cookies are processed, we can distinguish between:
Technical cookies: are those that allow the user to browse a web page, platform or application and use the different options or services that exist, such as, for example, controlling traffic and data communication, identifying the session, accessing access parts restricted, remember the elements that make up an order, carry out the purchase process of an order, request registration or participation in an event, use security elements during navigation, store content for the dissemination of videos or sound or share content through social networks.
Personalization cookies: are those that allow the user to access the service with some predefined general characteristics, based on a series of criteria in the user’s terminal, such as the language, the type of browser through which the service is accessed. , the regional setting from where you access the service, etc.
Analysis cookies: those that allow the person responsible to monitor and analyze the behavior of users of the websites to which they are linked. The information collected through this type of cookies is used to measure the activity of websites, applications or platforms and to create browsing profiles of users of these websites, applications and platforms, in order to introduce improvements in the function of analyzing the usage data made by service users.
Advertising cookies: those that allow the management, in the most efficient way possible, of the advertising spaces that, where appropriate, the publisher has included in a web page, application or platform from which it provides the requested service based on criteria such as edited content or how often ads are displayed.
Behavioral advertising cookies: are those that allow the management, in the most efficient way possible, of the advertising spaces that, where appropriate, the editor has included in a web page, application or platform from which it provides the requested service. These cookies store information about the behavior of users, obtained through continuous observation of their browsing habits, which allows the development of a specific profile to display advertising based on it.
How to disable cookies in major web browsers
What happens if cookies are not accepted
Rejecting cookies may prevent access to personalized content and services.